On July 16, 2015 I visted the Flygvapenmuseum at Malmen (near Linköping), which has exhibitions about the Swedish Air Force and displays a unique collection of military aircraft and other items related to aviation’s centennial history. The external exhibition ( free access) shows:
Caravelle III (ELINT version), Vickers Varsity, English Electric Canberra T.11 and a DC-3.
The museum also has temporary exhibitions that are replaced regularly, more informations on www.flygvapenmuseum.se
One of the largest items (wingspan 32m, length 16m) at Flygvapenmuseum, this Junkers 86K-1 was originally odered by Swedish Air Force in 1938. Only few Ju-86K were build with Junkers in Dessau, before license production of that type started in Sweden.
Sixty Re.2000 Serie I were delivered to Swedish Air Force between 1941 and 1943, which received the Swedish designation J 20. The displayed J20 is the last existing Re 2000, the partly „opened“ fuselage gives a good view to structure and mechanical parts.
Between 1936 and 1967 Swedish Air Force used some SK 12 Focke Wulf Fw 44J Stieglitz as crew trainer.
After the prototype made its first flight in July 1943, production of SAAB J21A started in 1945. The twin-boom aircraft was powered by license-produced Daimler-Benz DB605B engine, providing 1475PS which enabled it to maximum speed of more than 600 km/h. After 298 examples in two main variants were produced, production of the J21 ended in 1949. The type was withdrawn from use in July 1954.
From 1943 to 1946 FFVS (Kungliga Flygförvaltningens Flygverkstad i Stockholm) produced 198 of the J22 in three versions. The type was in use with Swedish Air Force from 1943 to 1952 and eventually replaced by the J29 Tunnan.
Four Hawker Harts from the Swedish Air Force saw action as dive bombers during the 1939–1940 Winter War as part of a Swedish volunteer squadron, fighting on the Finnish side. The Hawker Hart wears the Finnish Air Force swastika on the fuselage, the official emblem was in use between 1918 and 1940.
A batch of sixteen Fi 156C were operated by Swedish Air Force. The displayed S14 was reconstructed in 1967 with parts of two different airframes.
TP 47 Consolidated (PBY-5A) Catalina s were used for rescue and patrol missions over the Baltic Sea. One Catalina was lost in June 1952, when it was shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 while on search for the crew of the missed DC-3, which was shot down by another Soviet MiG-15 few days ago. The displayed example served with Swedish Air Force until 1966, when it was phased out.
1931 Swedish Air Force received ten De Havilland 60T as instructional trainers, some of them were equipped with floats. This aircraft was donated to the Air Force museum in 1984. Between 1931 and 1944 more than 8800 examples of all variants were build, today some 250 examples are still existing.
Svenska Aeroplan AB between 1944 and 1948 produced 245 of the B18, which was in service with Swedish Air Force until 1959. The displayed B18B (DB.605B powered) example was lost after an emergency landing in 1946, when the crew had to land it on an ice field, where it sunk later. In September 1979 the aircraft could be recovered and restored, becoming the only existing B18. The display shows a maintainance scene, with tools and spare parts arranged around the aircraft.
Between 1959 and 1989 all three military service branches in Sweden operated the HKP2 (totally 29). The displayed example is ex Swedish Army No. 02202.
As the Hawker Hart, this Gladiator wears the Finnish Air Force markings, which was applied on military aircraft between 1918 and 1940. It saw action during the winter war between Finland and Russia (1939–1940), but returned to Sweden after the hostilities ended in March 1940 .
The only remaining Junkers 86K was manufactured in 1938 by Junkers in Dessau and delivered to Sweden same year, while most of the ordered bombers were license-produced in Sweden. In 1948/49 this Ju-86 (and another examples) were converted into a transport aircraft, by removing all armarment and adding few windows. After 20 years in service, on 3 June 1958 it made its last flight from Luleå to Malmen.
The „Catalina-Affair“ of 1952 has its own exhibition at the museum. The arrangement of the MiG-15 and the Catalina shows the Soviet fighter in shooting position above and behind the Catalina.
This SK 5 Heinkel HD35 was bought by Swedish Air Force to evaluate as a replacement for its Heinkel Albatross, which served with the Air Force since 1915. Test flights ended in 1929 and the HD35 was sold to a civil operator, which used it until 1940. In 1964 it was found in a barn and later handed over to some museums and displays, before its transfer to the Air Force Museum at Malmen. Dimensions: 7.40 m (length), wingspan: 10.97 m. Powered by a 90kW Mercedes D.II, max speed ca. 130km/h.
The impressive Viggen made its first flight on 8 February 1967, first deliveries started in July 1971. Between 1971 and 1990, a total of 329 aircraft (attack, trainer, reconnaissance version , fighter) were eventually built. The last Viggen was retired in November 2005
Sweden’s second turbojet-powered combat aircraft, the Saab 29 Tunnan was build in 661 examples between 1950 and 1956.
Between 1921 and 135 Swedish Air Force used the Ö1 Tummelisa as advanced trainer.
ELINT version of Caravelle III. This aircraft made its first flight on 12 December 1964 and was delivered to Scandianivian Airlines on 17.12.1964 as SE -DAG „Dag Viking“. After wfu in 1970by SAS, it was sold to Swedish Air Force on 30.11.1970, became military registration 85172 and was operated by F13, before being retired in 1998.
The Saab 210 Draken was a scaled down testbed for the J 35 „Draken“ fighter and made its first flight on 21.01.1952. The tiny appearance (length ca 6,00 m, sSpan ca 4,90 m) led to the inofficial nickname „Lilldraken“. Powered by a Armstrong Siddeley Adder turbojet, the small testbed had a maximum speed of 650 km/h.
A batch of eleven Vertol (Piasecki) Model 44B transport helikopters were delivered to Swedish Air Force and Navy in 1958. It was used in a multi-purpose role (anti submarine warfare, troop carrier, search-and-rescue operations etc.) until 1972, when it was replaced by eight Kawasaki-build KV-107. The HKP 1 was powered by a single Wright R1820 radial engine (1425hp), had a crew of 3 to 5 and could carry 20 troops. The three-blade contra-rotating rotor had a diameter of 13 meters, the length of this helicopter was 16 meters. The „Flying Banana“ had a maximimum speed of 200km/h ( 160km/h cruise speed).
The „Catalina Affair“: on 13 June 1952 the pilot of a Soviet MiG-15 shot down a Swedish DC-3, which was operating in international airspace. Three days later, a PBY-5 Catalina was also shot down by a MiG-15, while searching for the crew of the missed DC-3. While the crew of the Catalina was rescued, the DC-3 and its entire crew of eight was lost. The details of the incident were kept secret for 40 years – officially the DC-3 was lost on training flight. In June 2003 the wreck of the DC-3 was found and recovered, in May 2009 it was put into an exhibition at Flygvapenmuseum Malmen.
Fokker C.V was a Dutch light reconnaissance and bomber biplane aircraft, which served with Swedish Air Force from 1928 to 1945.
The Saab 21R was a jet-powered development of the piston-engined Saab 21, powered by a single DeHavilland Goblin 2 turbojet. 64 were build between 1950 and 1952, but withdrawn from service in 1956.
The „Tigerschwalbe“ was originally designed in the late 1920s by Gerhard Fieseler, when he was employed with manufacturer Raab-Katzenstein at Kassel. Between 1932 and 1945 twenty-five of the SK10 trainers were in use.
This TP 82 Vickers Varsity T.1 was in service with Royal Air Force as WJ900 until December 1952, when it was sold to Swedish Airforce in January 1953. It was used in ELINT operations with F8 wing.
Sweden operated the Ca 313 between 1941 and 1945, but the the Air Force was not satisfied with this model, because it was involved in many accidents during its service time. In 1945 all of the remaining Ca 313 were withdrawn from use and eventually scrapped. The displayed B 16/S 16 Caproni Ca 313 is a replica, which was re-build in the late 1980s with original parts for a Swedish TV-series.
In 1940/41, Sweden received 72 CR.42. This one wears the markings of the F9 wing.
Between 1943 and 1945 120 license-build Bücker Bü 181B-1 Bestmann were delivered to Swedish Air Force as SK 25 (=Skolflygplan).